Have you ever been confused by word pronunciations and meanings? Here are a few to make your day: CHILDISH suggests immaturity/unreasonableness. CHILDLIKE suggests innocence/mildness/freshness. EXPLICIT Something deliberately spelled out (contract, document, etc.). IMPLICIT Not specific, but either suggested or necessary to meet goal. STAUNCH (adj) means fervent,faithful, strong. STANCH (v) means to stop the flow. Usually used re bleeding, literally or metaphorically. These two words are pronounced the same. SASHIMI Japanese dish of thinly sliced raw fish. SUSHI cold rice w/vinegar, formed into many shapes & garnished w/raw seafood/vegetable bits. ASSAULT means threat that makes person fear violence. The act or an instance of unlawfully threatening or attempting to injure another. LEGAL DEFINITION ONLY BATTERY means violent/ugly intentional touching. The act of beating or pounding. LEGAL DEFINITION ONLY And if you need a good dictionary, try the American Heritage Dictionary. Superb. And as with other online dictionaries, it has the pronunciation available.
What's the proper way to display the title of a book on a Web page? The traditional method of underlining makes it confusing for Web users, who expect an underlined word or phrase to be a hyperlink. Should the title be bolded? Italicized? What about quotation marks? A lot of underlining of book titles is used in bibliographies for scholarly works, but other than that, it's not done much on the Web. Or shouldn't be. And it's not used in the print world much, either. Underlining was initially used to tell the typesetter to put specific text in italics. The latest style guides say to use italics for titles of books, films plays, and long poems, works of art, periodicals, etc. One of my favorite online style guides is The Web Content Style Guide by McGovern, Norton, and O'Dowd (2002). Another is The Yahoo! Style Guide. I recently downloaded it to my Kindle, and it is excellent. Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition (2010) says (8.166) that when quoted in text or listed in a bibliography, titles of books, journals, plays, and other freestanding works are italicized and capitalized headline style. CMS also says (8.161) that titles of articles, chapters, and other shorter works are set in roman text and enclosed in quotation marks. Here are a couple of resources that address this issue: Using Italics and Underlining, and Polished Presentations.
Need some help creating a website, blog, or ezine title? Here's the general consensus regarding capitalization of titles:
Capitalize all words with four or more letters. Capitalize words with fewer than four letters except:
- Articles: a, an, the.
- Short Conjunctions: and, or, nor, for, but, so, yet.
- Short Prepositions: prepositions like at, by, for, in, of, off, on, out, to, up.
- Always capitalize the first and last words in titles and subtitles and all other major words.
- Capitalize the first word following a dash or colon in a title.
- When a heading flows to the next line, do not capitalize the first word of that second line unless it would have been capitalized anyway.
- Many common prepositions function as adjectives, adverbs, or nouns. When they do: capitalize them.
- Capitalize prepositions when they are stressed, e.g., A River Runs Through It. Capitalize prepositions that are used as conjunctions, e.g., Look Before You Leap.
- Lowercase "at" and "to" in any grammatical function, for simplicity's sake.
Some style guides, like APA, have a four- and five-letter rule. Capitalize all prepositions of four or five letters or longer.
Tip: avoid starting a heading with a symbol or number. Spell it out or re-cast the heading.
References used: Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Edition
Gregg Reference Manual Ninth Edition
Here is a worthwhile link: Writing Effective, Attention-Getting Headlines and Titles on Your BlogGregg Reference Manual Ninth Edition
By Judy Vorfeld Want to know how to write engaging headlines? Much depends on the audience. If you're writing headlines or headings for a business, you'll probably avoid being cutesy. But cutesy might work well for headings in an informal ezine or newsletter. In any event, aim for bright, attention-grabbing headings. Think "action verbs." Take a look at what The Arizona Republic published a while ago. My comments are in parentheses. 1. Twang with a bang Glendale gig highlights marriage of rock and country 2. Nun but the brave Never underestimate the appeal of a nun who's not afraid to administer a little discipline (stage show) 3. The Sooner the better: "Oklahoma" at Gammage (Oklahoma Sooners: get it?) 4. Beach pollution a bummer 5. Historical stable burned, pig is singed at Pioneer (Do most people know what "singe" means? I vote for pig escapes barbeque.) 6. S. Mountain perk (Article featuring several hikes people can take at South Mountain Park.) 7. Timely hits brighten D-Backs' foul mood 8. The great Wal of retail 9. Companies hop on brand wagon Enough with cute and clever. You're here for ideas, and the URLs below are packed with ideas to help you write headings tightly and brightly. Writing Effective and Eye Catching Headlines http://tutorials.beginners.co.uk/read/id/28 Writing Headlines People Will Read http://www.webreference.com/content/writing/headlines.html Action Verbs: Alphabetical Listing http://www.quintcareers.com/action_alpha.html Top 10 Headline Starters: You Tube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O96bhjP68OE How to Write Headlines That Sell http://www.database101.com/wordpress/2011/05/how-to-write-headlines-that-sell/